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What States Can You Legally Ride an E-bike In?

What States Can You Legally Ride an E-bike In?

With an increase in the popularity of e-bikes, states are now trying to regulate their use. Riding this type of bike comes with responsibilities because traditional characteristics change with using a motor and an electric battery. Depending on the state where you live, rules and regulations apply differently, so you need to be aware of the most relevant ones. If you want to know what states you can legally ride an e-bike in, you need to learn about each region’s different specifications.

E-Bike Classifications

When classifying and understanding an e-bike’s characteristics, it is essential to know which details make the most impact, and classifying these can have a positive impact. There are three types of tiers that you can find on an e-bike; it depends on what you mainly use it for.

Tiers one and two are for recreational bikers who enjoy working out, taking a mountain ride, or exploring the outdoors. Tier three is for e-bikes that replace mopeds and other long-distance vehicles that ride with traffic. This tier has more regulations to prevent accidents in urban areas.

These states regulate e-bike usage by tiers: Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Maine, Maryland, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.

Different Speeds

It is important to know which tier your e-bike falls into based on its characteristics. Speed is an important factor that will determine how you can use it in different states. A tier one only works with pedal assistance that can reach up to 20mph; a tier two can get the same speed but also allows you to use throttle mode.

Tier three has a motor that allows you to reach up to 28mph, which is why some states have more regulations to increase safety and awareness. Legally, you can only ride up to the speed that your motor tier falls under. If you have a 1000w e-bike kit with a battery, this falls under tier three because it is powerful and reliable, and you can reach over 40mph.

Age Restrictions

The minimum age that some states require for a person to ride an e-bike is 14 years old, including Alabama, Alaska, Michigan, New Hampshire, North Carolina, Utah, and Virginia. Other states have a minimum age of 15, while in others, it’s 16. To ensure the security and best practice with e-bikes, being 16 years old is highly recommended to ride an e-bike.

E-Bike Registration

Registering an e-bike means that you need a special permit to ride on the streets. The states where you need a permit to legally ride an e-bike include Alabama, Alaska, Massachusetts, Missouri, New Mexico, Wisconsin, and North Dakota. Age restrictions may apply, and it is essential to always carry with your permit. Other states that don’t require registration do not have regulations except for security measures.

by Dustin Floer